War Field Spy Robot Using Wireless CCD Camera

Azharuddin Saifi, Nirnimesh Kumar Basak, Pradeep Kumar Tiwari, Prashant Rana


Nowadays technology is growing very fast. Today’s technology is being used in many things. One such thing is used in military forces. Military is a very strong part of India. So, some technology can be developed that can benefit these soldiers and save their lives. Military forces can use this robot for different purposes. In future, they can be used for communication, reconnaissance, surveillance. In order to use Robots for different purposes, research is continuously being carried out. Our main focus is to use these robots in military for war and peace. Our paper is a War Field Spy Robot. Spy Robot is controlled using remote. A wireless camera is mounted on this robot which captures the video of surrounding environment. A microcontroller PIC 16F877A is used to move the robot. To use the spy robot in the dark area as night, the camera set up with LED that is connected by lighting circuit

Cloud Computing- Benefits & Limitations

Dr. Neenu Juneja, Sarabjeet Kaur, Dr. Munish Goyal


Cloud computing is the computing that is based on internet. Earlier, users download the application or software on a physical system, but with cloud computing, users can access the same kind of application or software through the net. Cloud computing is one of the fastest technology. Today lots of business organizations and educational institutions use cloud environment. Cloud computing is the most recent topic in Information Technology industry because of its flexibility in using the computing system. It provides everything as a service. Cloud computing is the fast growing concept promising to turn the dream of “computing utilities” into real things. It provides an easy and flexible way to store and retrieve a large amount of data ignoring the hardware requirements. The aim of this paper is to provide a better understanding of cloud, characteristics of cloud, Framework, benefits and limitations of cloud.

Challenges and Strategies of Information Communication Technology (ICT) Syllabus Implementation in Secondary Schools: A case study of Harare Urban Schools (2006 – 2010)

M. Mutema and Dr. F. Choga


This study investigated into the challenges faced by Harare Secondary schools in the implementation of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) syllabus from 2006 to 2010. In the study, the target population was 86 secondary heads of departments (HODs) of ICT. The sample size was 20 HODs. The descriptive survey was used. Questionnaires and face-to-face interviews were employed in data collection. The study showed that most of the HODs were trained ICT teachers. Most schools lacked adequate departmental budgets and shortage of computer laboratories, current hardware and software versions. They also did not have substitutes for electricity such as generators and solar panels for use during power cuts. The computer studies departments had problems of large classes,equipment breakdown, lack of technical support staff, faced competition for resources from other departments, no internet, negative attitude from heads of schools,inadequate parent and non-governmental support. This study recommended that Ministry of Education, Sports, Arts and Culture organize regular in-service training for teachers to improve skills and competence. It was also necessary for heads of schools, parents, pupils and other teachers to be educated on the importance of computers to improve interest and computer appreciation. There was also need for the heads of schools and parents to solicit for financial assistance. There was also a serious need to set strategies that could see a successful implementation of ICT syllabus in secondary schools

Do Schools have adequate Information Communication Technology (ICT) Resources? A case study of Harare secondary schools (2006 – 2010)

M. Mutema and Dr.F. Choga


This research study investigated the adequacy of ICT resources in Harare Secondary schools. In the study, the target population was ICT heads of departments (HODs)in 86 secondary schools. The sample size was 20. The descriptive survey was used. Questionnaires and face to face interviews were used to collect data. Most schools lacked adequate departmental budgets and enough laboratories for teaching and learning computer subjects. They had shortage of current hardware models and software versions. They also did not have substitutes for electricity such as generators and solar panels for use during power cuts. The computer studies departments had problems of equipment breakdown, lack of technical staff, and competition for resources from other departments, no internet, inadequate parent and non-governmental support. This study recommended fund raising activities to improve financial infrastructural shortfalls. There was need for government to motivate teachers to develop themselves professionally by subsidizing teaching degree and diploma tuition fees and also reducing the course duration to cater for the shortage of trained teachers.

Applications of Multimedia and Animation in Teaching Science

Narinderjit Kaur


Multimedia software has become an essential part of today's teaching and learning process. While many interactive multimedia software programs certainly exist. Multimedia, as a teaching aid is very much effective with color, sound, graphics, which are found in the audio media and video media. Any diagram can be explained with 3D effect, which helps the students to understand clearly. The students can get a live vision of life’s aspects and scientific factors. This article explores how creating animations and using multimedia can support teaching goals and create interest in students. The use of animations is becoming increasingly widespread in many educational presentations. A fairly extensive literature argues that animations are more effective than static sequential images for teaching dynamic events. Animations when designed properly can attract and maintain interest in presentations of science subjects. Animated graphics can be more informative, closer to the characteristics of the subject matter, more explicit, more explanatory and clearer.